What Is Dhauti?
Dhauti is an important part of the shatkarma , the yogic system of body cleansing techniques. It is intended mainly to the cleaning of the digestive tract in its full length but it affects also the respiratory tract, external ears and eyes. According to Gheranda Samhita, it is divided into four parts
Antar (internal) dhauti
- Vatsara dhauti: swallowing air into the stomach and expelling it through the anus after passing it through the intestines
- Varisara dhauti (shankhaprakshalana), evacuating a large quantity of water through the bowels. It can be further subdivided into laghoo shankhaprakshalana, a short form in which only six glasses of warm saline water are taken and expelled, and poorna shankhaprakshalana, the full form in which sixteen glasses are taken and expelled.
- Vahnisara dhauti (agnisara kriya), rapidly breathing in and out while simultaneously expanding and contracting the abdomen in such a way that resembles the panting of a dog.
Hrid (cardiac or chest region) dhauti
- Vastra dhauti: cleaning the stomach by swallowing a long thin strip of cloth and retiring it after a while.
- Danda dhauti: cleaning the oesophagus, from the throat to the stomach, by inserting a specially prepared stick.
- Vaman dhauti: (aka vyaghra kriya), regurgitating the solid food contents of the stomach. It is called kunjal kriya if performed on a stomach empty of solid food, having taken only four to six glasses of warm saline water.
Moola shodhana (rectal cleansing)
- Moola shodhana: cleaning the rectum with the middle finger or a turmeric root.
- Bahiskrita dhauti: a very difficult technique, involves pushing the rectum out and washing it in the hands.
Benefits of the Dhauti
The combination of all Dhauti practices cleanses the entire body tracts. They get rid of excess and bile, mucus and toxins, and restore the of the body’s natural balance and chemical composition, thus helping cure the body of ailments caused by such imbalances. Not only that, they also lead to an increase in the production of gastric enzymes. Research has proven that even chronic coughs and colds, asthma, diseases of the spleen, and a variety of other afflictions resulting from excess mucus, bile and other toxins are eliminated by Dhautis.
They are particularly beneficial in cases of constipation, gastritis, dyspepsia, indispositions of the stomach and spleen, phlegm and bile disorders. They increase digestive fire, improve kidney functioning and invigorate the liver by extricating parasites from within the system. People suffering from obesity and those of a flabby and phlegmatic constitution will find these kriyas especially beneficial.